Withdrawal From Classes
RETURN TO TITLE IV FUNDS (R2T4)
CSN students who receive federal financial aid and who do not remain in attendance through the end of the semester could be responsible for repaying a portion of the financial aid originally received.
Title IV (federal) financial aid funds are awarded under the assumption that a student will remain in attendance for the entire payment period (semester) for which the funds were awarded.
How a Withdrawal Affects Financial Aid
When a student withdraws from all courses, regardless of the reason, s/he may no longer be eligible for the full amount of Title IV funds originally awarded. This is called Return to Title IV (R2T4). The return of funds to the federal government is based on the premise that a student earns financial aid in proportion to the length of time during which s/he remains enrolled. A pro-rated schedule determines the amount of federal student aid funds s/he will have earned at the time of full withdrawal. For example, a student who withdraws in the second week of the semester has earned less of his/her financial aid than a student who withdraws in the fifth week. Once the 60% point in the semester is reached, a student is considered to have earned all of the financial aid originally awarded and will not be required to returns any funds.
Federal regulations require a recalculation of financial aid eligibility if a student:
- Completely withdraws;
- Stops attending before the semester’s end;
- Does not complete all modules (short-term classes);
- Or having all F, W, I, NP, AU or any combination
Students who do not begin attendance in classes are not eligible for federal financial aid and must repay all aid originally received.
NOTE: CSN’s institutional tuition refund policy is separate from federal regulations to return unearned aid. Receiving a tuition/fee refund from CSN will have no impact on the amount the student must repay to the federal aid programs.
How Earned Financial Aid is Calculated
Financial aid recipients “earn” the aid they originally received by attending classes. The amount of federal assistance earned is based on a prorated system. Students who withdraw or do not complete all classes in which they were enrolled may be required to return some of the aid originally awarded.
CSN is required to determine the percentage of Title IV aid “earned” by the student and return the “unearned” portion to the appropriate federal aid programs. CSN is required to perform this calculation within 30 days of the date the school determines that a student has completely withdrawn. The school must return the funds within 45 days of the calculation. The R2T4 calculation is completed by the Financial Aid Office.
The following explains the formula used to determine the percentage of unearned aid to be returned to the federal government:
- The percent earned is equal to the number of calendar days completed up to the withdrawal date divided by the total number of calendar days in the payment period.
- The payment period for most students is the full, 16-week fall and spring semesters or the full, 10-week summer semester. However, for students enrolled in modules, the payment period only includes those days for the module in which the student is enrolled.
- The percent unearned is equal to 100 percent less the percent earned.
- Breaks of 5 days or longer (ex. Spring Break) are not included in the count of total days in the payment period.
*Institutional scholarship funds are not subject to the R2T4 policy.
For Students Enrolled in Modules (Short-Term Classes)
A student is considered withdrawn if the student does not complete all of the days in the payment period that the student was scheduled to complete. If a student withdraws from a course in a later module while still attending a current module, the student is not considered as withdrawn based on not attending the later module. However, a recalculation of aid based on the change in enrollment status may be required.
If a student provides written notice to the Financial Aid Office at the time of withdrawal from a current module that s/he plans to attend a later module in the same payment period, s/he is not considered a withdrawal. If the student does not provide that written confirmation, the R2T4 recalculation of aid will be done. However, if the student does return in a later module in the same payment period, regardless of whether prior written confirmation was received, the R2T4 process will be reversed and the student will be awarded the funds that s/he is eligible to receive at the time of return.
Determination of Withdrawal Date (Official Withdrawal)
The withdrawal date used in the R2T4 calculation is the actual last date of attendance reported by the instructor or the day the student completely withdrew.
When a Student Fails to Begin Attendance
If financial aid is processed for a student who never begins attendance in any class for which s/he registered in a term, all aid will be canceled.
The Financial Aid office is provided an “unofficial” withdrawal report after grades have posted for the payment period. This report lists the students and the classes in which they never attended. Financial aid originally awarded is canceled for students who failed to begin attendance in all classes in which they were originally enrolled and is adjusted for those who fail to begin attendance in a portion of the classes in which they were originally enrolled.
When a Student Fails Classes (Unofficial Withdrawal)
If a financial aid recipient who has not officially withdrawn fails to receive a passing grade in a class(es) during the term, the Financial Aid Office will determine whether the student established eligibility for the aid originally awarded. Instructors may provide a last date of attendance for any student who receives an “F”. If the student did not begin attendance, or stopped attending during the payment period, the financial aid originally awarded may be canceled or adjusted. In the case of an unofficial withdrawal from an institution not required to take attendance, the school may use either the midpoint of the payment period or the last date of documented attendance at an academically-related activity as the withdrawal date.
Order of Return to Federal Aid Programs
In accordance with federal regulations, unearned aid will be returned to the federal programs in the following order:
- Federal Direct Loans: Unsubsidized, then Subsidized
- Federal Direct Parent Loans (Parent Plus Loans)
- Federal Pell Grant
- Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (SEOG)
Information Regarding Loan Repayment
The R2T4 calculation may result in the student’s and parent’s being responsible for directly returning additional loan amounts to the US Department of Education.
The loan grace period begins on the withdrawal date from the school, or when a student ceases to be enrolled in at least a half-time. If the student does not re-enroll as a half-time student within 6 months of withdrawal or less than half-time enrollment, the loans enter repayment. The student should contact the loan servicer or the US Department of Education to make repayment arrangements. The promissory note signed by the borrower outlines repayment obligations. The student should contact the servicer or the US Department of Education with any questions.
Consequences of Non-Repayment
Students who owe the US Department of Education for an overpayment of Title IV funds are not eligible for any additional federal financial aid until the overpayment is paid in full or payment arrangements are made with the US Department of Education/Debt Resolution Services.
Students who owe CSN because of an R2T4 calculation will be placed on a financial hold. They will not be allowed to register for subsequent terms or receive academic transcripts until the balance is paid.
How a Withdrawal Affects Future Financial Aid Eligibility
Refer to the Financial Aid Office Satisfactory Academic Progress Policy to determine how a withdrawal impacts aid eligibility.
NOTE: This policy is subject to revision without notice based on changes to federal laws and regulations or CSN policies. If changes are made, the student is held to the most current policy. This statement is intended to provide an overview of policies and procedures related to a complicated and very encompassing regulation.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION:1-800-433-3243
DEBT RESOLUTION SERVICES (defaulted loans & overpayment issues): 1-800-621-3115
U.S. Department of Education:
Federal Student Aid Information Center: